Gyanvapi Masjid Row: Hearing over the Places of worship act 1991 to be continued tomorrow, ordered Varanasi Civil Court to not pass any decision

Supreme Court today ordered the Varanasi Civil Court that it would pass any verdict over the row by friday
Gyanvapi Masjid Row: Hearing over the Places of worship act 1991 to be continued tomorrow, ordered Varanasi Civil Court to not pass any decision
Gyanvapi ComplexImage Source: PTI

Supreme Court today ordered the Varanasi Civil Court that it would pass any verdict over the row by Friday. During the hearing, the Muslim Side said that each day the court had been passing new orders, the court while responding to it stated that it is giving strict orders over the row. The next hearing would take place at 3 PM, Friday, i.e, tomorrow

What is the matter all about?

In a recent development from the Gyanvyapi Complex issue, the Hindu side slams the Places of worship act 1991 and claims it to be a violation of the Fundamental Rights of Bhagwan. The Gyanvapi matter had visited all the courts where it could have been taken. The Muslim side has continuously shown resistance since the matter had been in the news and demanded to put a brake on the survey.

As believed by SM Yasin, secretary in charge of the Muslim side Anjuman Inazandia Committee, “as stated by Places of Worship Act 1991- all the religious institutions would remain in the same state as they were during the times of August 15, 1947. Also, if anyone moving to court for any matters would not be taken in that case. The Muslim side filed an application on the same grounds and demanded to put a brake on the survey and requested to maintain the status quo as it was going on.

Supreme Court of India
Supreme Court of India

What is Places of Worship Act 1991?

The act was enacted by the then Congress-led government by PV Narsimha Rao. the prohibits the conversion of any place of worship and to provide for the maintenance of the religious character of any place of worship as it existed on the 15th day of August 1947, and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. The act however exempted Ram Janmabhumi Case as it existed before the mentioned period.

Act prohibits us from going to court: Hindu Sena
Hindu Sena, however, intervening in the application filed by the Muslim side, filed an intervention PIL in the court. Vishnu Gupta, leader of the Sena states that the 1991 act prohibited us from knocking on the doors of the court, in such a case where could we appeal to the injustice that happened to us in the past.

Act violates the fundamental rights of Bhagwan: Ashwini Upadhyay
Advocate Ashwini Upadhyay, a spokesperson for BJP in the past, filed a petition in the supreme court last year requesting to repeal the 1991 act. As stated by the petition,” the act not only Hindus but also violates the Fundamental Rights of their Bhagwan too. The act creates a difference between Lord Rama, Krishna and Shiva.

Advocate Upadhyay supports his petition on two bases:

  1. The Constitution of India recognizes Bhagwan as a judicial person, for instance, the case of Ayodhya was fought in the name of Ram Lala Virajman. When Rama got his rights, why Krishna in Mathura and Shiva in Kashi be deprived of their rights. Will drawing a line of difference between Bhgwaans, declared as Judicial persons in the constitution would not violate the norms of the Constitution?

  2. Upadhyay also argues over the fact that Bhagwan owns the right to hold property. For instance, Ram Janmbhumi for Ram Lala, any area where the secret deity had been residing holds rights over that place.

Why the act was Enforced?
Seeing an upsurge during the Ram Janmbhumi and Babri Masjid conflict, PV Narsimha Rao, upon communal tensions enforced the act stating that it was mandatory to bring peace and to avoid future tensions over such issues.BJP the prominent opposition of the time opposed the act severely. The then Member of Parliament Uma Bharti said, maintaining the status quo in relation to religious places in 1947, is like a pigeon closing his eyes after seeing a cat. It means that future generations will have to go through stress.

Demolition of Babri Masjid in 1991cause Communal Tensions in the nation.
Demolition of Babri Masjid in 1991cause Communal Tensions in the nation.

BJP the prominent opposition of the time opposed the act severely. The then Member of Parliament Uma Bharti said, maintaining the status quo in relation to religious places in 1947, is like a pigeon closing his eyes after seeing a cat. It means that future generations will have to go through stress.

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