The most infrequent form of ‘Multi-Drug Registered TB’ (MDR TB) is known as Extensively Drug Registered TB (XDR TB). This TB is largely drug-resistant. Most medicines have no effect on it. This level of TB is very dangerous for patients. At this stage, most anti-TB drugs do not show their effect. Many people all over the world lose their lives due to this. Making a major discovery recently, the US Food and Drug Administration has prepared a course of three medicines for XDR TB.
New drugs have recently been tested in the US to treat this. The trial involved 109 patients with XDR TB and found that 90 percent of them were successful with new drugs. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) report, XDR TB cases are lower than other TBs, but as of 2017, 10,800 cases of XDR TB have been reported in 117 countries. It has 2,650 cases in India itself, which is about a quarter of the total cases.
According to the WHO, two-thirds of XDR TB cases are in India, China, and Russia. In these countries, other types of TB such as MDR / RR TB also account for 47 percent of the cases worldwide. The success rate for XDR TB treatment globally is only 34 percent. That is, in only 34 percent of the cases affected by this disease, the patient is able to get it right.
Tuberculosis is known by many names like tuberculosis, rajyakshama, bacillus, etc. TB is a contagious disease and the person suffering from it gets physical weakness and at the same time, he is also at risk of many serious diseases. TB is not just a disease of the lungs, but it also affects other parts of the body.
XDR TB thrives for only two reasons. The first reason for this is that XDR TB thrives when a TB patient is undergoing treatment and misuses anti-TB drugs. Another reason is that when someone comes in contact with someone who already has XDR TB, the other person also gets infected. XDR TB also spreads like other TBs. Often XDR TB is not detected due to lack of basic healthcare facilities in low-middle income countries.
Worldwide, more people with HIV-AIDS lose their lives due to TB. In 2017, nearly 1.3 million people worldwide lost their lives due to the disease.
Symptoms of TB
Loss of appetite, feeling low and weight loss suddenly. Feeling restless and lethargy, feeling chest pain, tiredness and sweating at night. Staying light fever, staying greenCoughing, coughing mucus and mucous bleeding. Sometimes a sudden coughing up of loud cough.
Ways to avoid TB
If you cough for more than two weeks, see a doctor and get sputum checked.
Stay away from the sick person.
Wear a mask if you are going to meet the patient.
Eat food on time.
If someone has been coughing around you for a long time, then stay away from him.
After meeting an ill person, please wash your hands.
Eat a nutritious diet that contains adequate amounts of vitamins, minerals, calcium, protein and fiber, as a nutritious diet makes our immune system strong.