Black fungus has emerged as the new enemy of the eyes in the corona epidemic. Due to other methods including online studies, online work, online meetings, online shopping, and online entertainment, there is an increased risk to the eyes due to excessive screen time. Today is World Sight Day. The theme of this year’s ‘Love Your Eyes’ (Love Your Eyes) has been kept by the WHO in view of the increasing risk of eyes. Its purpose is to tell people how they can preserve their light by saving their eyes showing images of the bright world…
This is how the signs of illness are seen
Eye pressure, Feeling tired, Not seeing distant or near objects clearly, Dryness in the eyes, Poor vision in low light, Pain in the eye, Blurred vision, redness, and watery eyes, Itchy eyes, and Being jealous and seeing the same thing are two signs of danger.
Don’t bother to ignore
Dr. Praveen Vashisht, Officer-in-Charge, Community Ophthalmology, AIIMS, New Delhi, says that people in the country do not take eye problems seriously. A white cataract is the cause of blindness in 65 to 66 percent of the people in the country, which is avoidable. Over 40 years of study, we have found that 12 to 13 out of 100 children in cities are in need of glasses. In rural areas, this rate is eight percent. Children’s eyes are neither examined on time nor glasses are worn.
50 to 60 thousand eye donation need of two lakh
Corneal blindness can be caused by a serious eye infection, injury, or nutritional deficiencies. These patients can get new light only through eye transplants. There is a need for two lakh eye donations every year in the country. But 50 to 60 thousand eye donations take place every year. Of this, only 40 percent are transplantable.
Dr. Vashistha explains that 80 percent of the cases of low vision in the world are there, which can be corrected with glasses. Every year about 50,000 babies are born blind. Eye problems can be cured with a good diet and treatment. In black cataracts, glaucoma vision is not regained.
Need to improve eyesight in children
Dr. Shruti Wasnik, an ophthalmologist at Mumbai’s Kokila Ben Hospital, says, 41 percent of children under the age of 18 in the country need vision correction, but parents ignore it. 42 percent of employees and over 45 percent of the elderly ignore visual impairment. Dr. Shruti says that screen time has increased manifold.
In such a situation, everyone should adopt the 20-20-20 formula for the health of the eyes. If working on a computer, laptop, mobile then get up every 20 minutes and look 20 feet away for 20 seconds. This will reduce the pressure on the eyes. If there is dryness or irritation in the eyes, then artificial tear drops can be applied.
Eyes disorder Increase due to epidemic
Professor of Ophthalmology Department of SMS Medical College, Jaipur. Kishore Kumar points out that increasing screen time has increased the number of eye patients. In a report, it has come to the fore that the eyesight of 27.5 crore people has been weakened in the epidemic. Diabetics are the most affected. According to Dr. Kishore, children of 4 to 5 years are not able to tell about the problem. In such a situation, if the child is repeatedly rubbing eyes, there is redness in the eye, water is coming, reading or writing with a book close, then parents should be alert.
Vigilance is necessary for those with weak immunity
Be careful amidst the corona epidemic, diabetic patients, or those with weak immunity, because black fungus (mucormycosis) attacks the eyes making such people its prey. More than 45,432 cases of black fungus have been reported. More than 4200 people lost their lives, while doctors had to remove their eyes to save thousands of lives.
Eye health around the world…
- 222 crore people have eye problems in the world
- The suffering of a hundred crore people can be cured by timely treatment.
- Most people over 50 years of age have a visual impairment
- Seven out of 10 people don’t get regular checkups
Save light from the four ‘P’s
Prevent: Eat green leafy vegetables, spinach, eggs, carrots, etc. for vitamin A. It keeps the cornea along with the front part of the eye, the retina, and the inner part healthy. Eat oranges, lemons, tomatoes for vitamin C that protects against cataracts. Eat almonds for vitamin E. Omega 6+ and Omega 3 fatty acids will not cause dry eyes.
Protect (Protection): Wear glasses to protect the eyes from the sun’s ultraviolet rays or other pollution. Dirt in makeup products can cause dryness in the eyes. Keep a computer, laptop, or mobile at an arm’s distance from the eyes. Computer vision syndrome or digital eye strain is possible.
Preserve: Take care of cleanliness. Do not use another person’s glasses. Take care of hygiene in the use of lenses. The risk of infection from such products is high. If the eyesight is getting weak or if there is a feeling of blurring in the eye, then without delay consult the doctor. Do not use medicine on your own mind.
Prioritize: Get an eye exam done every two years. Those over 40 must get tested once a year. Be alert if there is glaucoma, diabetes, hypertension in the family. If you already wear glasses and the number of glasses is high, then keep checking with your doctor regularly. If there is redness in the eye, do not delay at all.
Eye disease major problem in India
- 13.7 crore people had near vision problems in 2020
- 5.77 crore people had nearsightedness in 2019
- One in 6 diabetics is suffering from retinopathy
- 78% blind in the country whose age is more than 50 years
- 80 percent of blindness cases are preventable in adults
- 1.12 crore people suffer from cataracts in the country, age above 40