UN Report on Violence in Afghanistan: 47% Higher than in 2020

The UN said in the report that most of the violence in May and June took place on the outskirts of the city.
Image Credit: DB
Image Credit: DB

The ongoing violence in Afghanistan has resulted in a record number of casualties in the first 6 months of 2021. The UN report states that during this time 1 thousand 659 people died and 3 thousand 254 people were injured. This is 47% more than the casualties during the same period last year. Anti-Government Elements (AGE) 64%, Taliban 39%, Islamic State-Khorasan Province (ISIL-KP) 9% and unknown organizations 16%

The UN report states – 

According to the report, in the first 6 months of 2021, about half of all these casualties were women and children. Of those killed, 32 percent are children, of which 468 are children and 1214 children have been injured. Among the dead, 14 percent are women, of whom 219 are there, while the number of injured is 508. 95 percent of the withdrawal of US-NATO troops has been completed and they will be fully withdrawn from Afghanistan by August 31.

Image Credit: Analytics India Magazine
Image Credit: Analytics India Magazine

The report revealed that – 

The report revealed that there was an increase in the number of casualties here in May-June. The number of dead and injured in the violence in these two months is equal to the number from January to April. In fact, this month foreign forces went out of Afghanistan, due to which the violence here increased significantly.

Most of the violence took place on the outskirts of the city

It said that most of the violence in May and June took place on the outskirts of the city. Had the army acted in time, the casualties could have been reduced. The UN has warned that this year's casualties could reach record numbers if violence in Afghanistan does not subside.

Image Credit: UNAMA
Image Credit: UNAMA

Efforts to be made to resolve the issue through dialogue

UN official Deborah Lyon said that Afghan leaders and the Taliban will have to intensify efforts to resolve the issue through dialogue. At the same time, the Afghans will have to stop fighting among themselves. He expressed hope that soon the situation will return to normal.

Taliban capture many areas of Afghanistan

The Taliban have taken control of many parts of Afghanistan in recent times. It has also strengthened its hold on the borders with many neighboring countries and remains in danger of capturing many provincial capitals.

Image Credit: Al Jazeera
Image Credit: Al Jazeera

What and how is the Taliban?

  • From 1979 to 1989, Afghanistan was ruled by the Soviet Union. America, Pakistan, and Arab countries continued to give money and weapons to Afghan fighters (Mujahideen). When Soviet forces left Afghanistan, the Mujahideen factions came under one banner.
  • The Taliban are 90% Pashtun tribesmen. Most of them belong to the madrassas of Pakistan. Taliban means student or student in the Pashto language.
  • There are also many Pashtuns in western and northern Pakistan. America and Western countries see them divided as Afghan Taliban and Taliban Pakistan.
  • The Taliban ruled Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001. During this time only 3 countries of the world took the risk of recognizing their government. All three countries were Sunni-majority Islamic republics. Their names were Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Pakistan.

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