Saadat Hasan Manto had been a literary figure who was way ahead of his time(literature however is always relevant, but it's the maturity of the society whether it dares to accept the challenges or not). Manto, though was a writer, playwright, and author but is best known for his short stories which made him ageless even decades after his death.
Manto was actually a Kashmiri known as Punjabi whose heart always stayed in Bombay(present-day Mumbai). Manto was put in the charge of obscenity sic times for his artworks, thrice in British India in 1947(‘Dhuan’, ‘Bu’ and ‘Kali Shalwar’) while the remaining he faced in Pakistan(‘Khol Do’, ‘Thanda Gosht’ and ‘Upar Neeche Darmiyaan’) after his migration to the newly formed Pakistan. Years after his death, Manto, when Manto’s idea and his writing both had found their space, both the nation claimed the artist of their own. Manto upon the charges of obscenity used to say “I am not a pornographer but a story writer".
However, art has always been way beyond the borders, and so has been Manto, he was a writer whose roots belonged to Kashmir but was better known as Punjabi, however, it was Bombay that stole his heart even in his last times. Manto’s writings were in Urdu and thus many times even one tries to claim Manto on religious grounds too, however, hesitates to accept the blunt message carried by his artworks.
Migration to Pakistan
Manto was never satisfied with the idea of breaking the country into two and strongly opposed the partition. Initially, Manto, being a resident of India chose to stay in India, however, went to Pakistan when the stories of the atrocities of partition and riots rose increasingly. It is believed, that Manto was highly disappointed when one of his close associates Shyam, an actor of the time spoke to him that he felt he might kill Manto after listening to the stories of Muslims killing Hindus and Sikhs.
Manto upon this confession, in the midst of occasional communal riots in Mumbai itself, left his beloved city and decided to migrate to Pakistan, for the rest of his life and left for it by ship.
The man upon receiving the news of the partition asks everyone regarding Toba Tek Singh, as to where his native place(as per him)went upon partition. As the story reaches to end, the poor man amid the quest to go back to Toba Tek Singh, yells out loudly and falls into a no-man’s land area between the two nations.