On August 1, 1920, the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi started the non-cooperation movement. This movement was started with the demand for independence. Its purpose was to obstruct the proceedings by not cooperating with the British government. During the agitation, students stopped going to government schools and colleges, lawyers refused to go to court, and workers went on strike in many towns and cities.
Non-cooperation movement started on 1 August 1920 by Gandhiji
According to government figures, there were 396 strikes were held in 1921 involving 6 lakh workers and caused a loss of 70 lakh, the effect of this movement was seen from cities to villages.
Tilak Swarajya Fund was established in 1920 for ‘Non-Cooperation Movement’:
Among the Muslim leaders who contributed most in non-cooperation were Dr. Ansari, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Shaukat Ali Muhammad Ali etc. On the other hand, Tilak Swarajya Fund was established in 1920 to meet the expenditure of the Non-Cooperation Movement on Gandhi’s call, in which more than one crore rupees were deposited by the people.
Non-cooperation movement program was discussed in 1920 Congress session:
In September 1920, a ‘Congress General Assembly session’ was organized in Calcutta to consider the program of the non-cooperation movement. This session was presided over by Lala Lajpat Rai. In this session, the Congress decided for the first time to take direct action against foreign rule in India, boycott the Legislative Councils and start the Non-Cooperation and Civil Disobedience Movement. In the Calcutta session, Mahatma Gandhi, while presenting the proposal, said, “The English government is the devil, with whom cooperation is not possible.” The British government has no grief over their mistakes, so how can we accept that the new administrators will pave the way for our self-rule. To achieve Swarajya, we should adopt a policy of progressive non-violent non-cooperation. ”