Just as Doctor’s Day, Teachers’ Day or Mother’s Day is celebrated all over the world,
this special day is celebrated to give respect to engineers.
Every year Engineers Day is celebrated on the birthday of M Visvesvaraya. Visvesvaraya is an example for engineers all over the world.
A Civil Engineer and Politician
A civil engineer and politician, M Visvesvaraya was born on 15 September 1861 in a Telugu family in Chikkaballapur Taluk in Kolar district,
Mysore. His father Srinivasa Shastri was a Sanskrit scholar and
Ayurveda doctor. M. Visvesvaraya was awarded Bharat Ratna, India’s highest honour in 1955,
because of his efforts at the Krishnaraja Sagar Dam, Bhadravati Iron and Steel Works,
Mysore Sandal Isle and Soap Factory, University of Mysore and Bank of Mysore were built.
First Place in the 1883 LCE and FCE Examinations
He completed his early education from his birthplace.
For further studies, he took admission in Central College, Bengaluru.
Visvesvaraya topped the BA examination in 1881.
After this, with the help of the Government of Mysore,
he enrolled in Science College, Pune, for engineering studies.
First place in the 1883 LCE and FCE examinations.
Due to this achievement, the Maharashtra government-appointed
him to the post of assistant engineer in Nashik.
In 1947 he became the president of the All India Manufacturing Association. He believed in completing any task
in a planned way. After longevity of 101 years, he died on 14 April 1962.
The Attraction towards Engineering is Decreasing
Millions of people leave college every year with an engineering degree in India, but most are not employable and
unable to get jobs. According to the National Employability Report 2019, 80
per cent of the students do not get
jobs. Even after becoming an engineer due to unemployment, the students
appear ready to do the watchman
job. This has reduced the attraction towards an engineering degree
in the last few years.
10 Lakh Seats were Vacant
According to the All India Survey on Higher Education, 37.70 lakh enrollments were
made in the UG course
of engineering in 2018-19.
Hundreds of engineering colleges opened in India due to the boom of the
IT industry between 2010 and 2015.
But thousands of engineering seats have been vacant every year since 2015.
According to the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE),
out of 15 lakh seats in 2019, 10 lakh seats were vacant.
The main reason behind this is Unskilled Engineers.
Prabhat Agarhari, a professor of computer science, says that automation
is growing very fast in the industry,
which leads to better work among fewer people.
Apart from this, the number of Engineers degree in India is four
times more than the demand.
Some colleges do not teach engineering at all.
The government also completes the formalities in the name of
monitoring and inspection.
Colleges are not improving with this.
Quality Improvement Program of the Government of India
The Union Ministry of Human Resource Development along with
the World Bank started the Improvement Program for Technical Education in April 2017.
The project started with a focus on low-income states.
It came into force in two union territories as well as Bihar,
Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha,
Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu Kashmir,
Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Sikkim and Tripura.
Teachers were financed from the World
Bank for three years, after which this responsibility was given to the states.
Three phases of the TEQIP program
were introduced to improve the quality of technical education
in engineering institutions already in the states.
Third phase of the Quality Improvement Program
In the third phase of the project, in April 2017, 1,554 assistant
professors were appointed to 53 engineering
colleges across 10 states and two union territories. Most of them
are also educated from the Indian Institute of
Science (IISc), the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)
and the National Institutes of Technology (NITs).
They were initially contracted for three years and their term
ends in September.
There has been no decision regarding its renewal.
These teachers performed then extended the tenure by 6 months.
So far, the states have not made any decisions.
38% of the teachers studying under this program are M.Tech, 37% are doing
Ph.D., 22% are Ph.D. and 3% are post-doctorate.
A student gives their four years, 40 subjects, 4 thousand assignments, 4 thousand hours,
to become an engineer, but today their value is slowly ending.
The scientist discovers a new material or energy,
but an engineer discovers how to use it in a new way