HISTORY OF INDIA: Indian National Flag (The Tricolor)

National Flag of India: The Tricolor is the significance of the innumerable sacrifices done for the nation by the people who worshipped the nation at the cost of their lives.
HISTORY OF INDIA: Indian National Flag (The Tricolor)
HISTORY OF INDIA: Indian National Flag (The Tricolor)

National Flag of India: Every independent nation in the world has a national flag which symbolizes the freedom of its people and assures the dignity of the individual, but the most important question is, what is being represented to people and to the other nation by one's flag?

The National Flag of India was adopted in the Constituent Assembly meeting on 22 July 1947 and from the independence of the nation, the "Tricolor" is serving serving the nation to signify its hardships to get freedom.

National Flag of India structure

The National Flag of India is horizontally inscribed with three different colors. The flag has saffron (kesari) on the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion.

The ratio of its length and breadth is 2:3. The centre of the white stripe includes a dark blue wheel that symbolizes Dharma. The Chakra is known as the "Ashoka Chakra" of the Maurya Empire.

Ashoka Chakra
Ashoka ChakraImage Credit; iStock images

The Dharma Chakra, also known as the "Wheel of the Law" was made by the Mauryan Empire in the 3rd century BC by the emperor Ashoka. The wheel depicts life in moving and death in stagnation.

In the Indian flag, the saffron color at the top indicates the strength and courage of the country, the white color indicates the peaceful and friendly nature of the people of India, and the last band of the dark green color signifies the nation's fertility, growth, and auspiciousness of the country.

The national flag of India also showcases the natural geographical arrangement as if noticed keenly, the saffron color indicates the Dawn, white indicates the region between the sky and the land, and the dark green color indicates the green lands.

National Flag of India code

At the beginning of independence, flag hoisting was not allowed by the people as the flag was a symbol of the integrity and unity of the nation, which cannot be disrespected by anyone.

The united India
The united India

On 26th January 2002, the National flag code was modified, and finally, the people can hoist their national flag at their houses, or offices at any time to show their love towards their nation, which was not allowed earlier.

After this, citizens were allowed to hoist the flag until they follow the provisions of the flag code of India.

Flag code of India is divided into three parts

  • Part I of the code provides a general description of the flag.

  • Part II of the code is devoted to the display of the National Flag by members of public, and private organizations, and educational institutions only.

  • Part III of the code relates to the display of the National Flag by central and state governments and their organizations and agencies.

Some rules were also laid with the modification of the code in 2002 for hoisting the national flag of India.


  • The flag must be hoisted in schools, colleges, and other institutions to inspire the student about the history of India and to create a sense of respect for the flag among them.

  • A member of the public and private sectors can display the flag on every day or occasionally to honour the National flag and its message to the people.

  • All private citizens can hoist the flag at their residences under section 2 of the modified code.


  • The flag cannot be used as clothes or for communal gains and it must be hoisted between sunrise and sunset, irrespective of the weather.

  • The Tricolour must not be intentionally allowed to touch the ground or the floor or trail in the water. It cannot be draped over the hood, top, and sides or back of vehicles, trains, boats, or, aircraft.

  • No flowers, batches, or, cosmetics must be attached to the flag as the flag has its own elegance and extra attachments are considered as hiding the truth of the nation.


National Flag- The symbol of dignity, independence, and the loving nature of the people of the country. It signifies the great efforts and sacrifices given by the warriors of the country, who died for our independence, and now its time to honor their sacrifices with our respect towards our nation, its people, and its national symbol...

Jai Hind...

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Since independence