Today is a symbol of India's bravery. Because exactly 50 years ago today, the brave soldiers of India had defeated Pakistan based on their indomitable courage and might. Bangladesh came into existence on this day after the Bangladesh liberation struggle. In 1971, the Bravehearts of the country defeated the Pakistani army and hoisted the victory flag. Vijay Diwas is a special day to salute the valor of the soldiers of our country.
On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of Vijay Diwas, where President Ram Nath Kovind is participating in the program to be held in Bangladesh. At the same time, Prime Minister Narendra Modi was going to take part in the program by reaching the National War Memorial at around 10:30 is in Delhi. A banquet was hosted by the President of Bangladesh, Abdul Hamid, in honor of the President of India, Ram Nath Kovind. Along with this, President Kovind also participated in a cultural program.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has reached the National War Memorial to participate in the celebrations of the Golden Victory torches. Defense Minister Rajnath Singh received him.
PM Modi salutes the heroes on the 50th anniversary of Vijay Diwas. Told me about his sacrifice and also told me what is the importance of this day. He said that I remember the great valor and sacrifice by the Liberation Warriors, Veerangans, and the Heroes of the Indian Armed Forces. Together we fought the oppressive forces and defeated them. President Kovind's presence in Bangladesh holds special significance for every Indian.
On the occasion of Vijay Diwas, Union Home Minister Amit Shah tweeted that I bow to the brave soldiers on the golden jubilee of 'Vijay Diwas', a symbol of amazing courage and valor of Indian soldiers. A golden chapter was added to the history of the tradition of preserving human values. Happy Victory Day to all.
Defense Minister Rajnath Singh tweeted that on the occasion of Golden Victory Day, we remember the courage and sacrifice of our armed forces during the 1971 war. The 1971 war is a golden chapter in the military history of India. We are proud of our armed forces and their achievements.
The joy of the historic victory of 16 December 1971 still fills the heart of every countryman with enthusiasm. We celebrate this day as Victory Day. On this day India had soured the teeth of Pakistan. 16 December is the day to salute the bravery of the soldiers. On this occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend the reception of Golden Victory torches at the National War Memorial today. These four torches, lit by the Prime Minister last year, were rotated across the country from Siachen to Kanyakumari, Andaman, and Nicobar to Longewala, Rann of Kutch, and Agartala.
There was a war between India and Pakistan in 1971. After 1965, Pakistan had to face defeat once again at the hands of India. Apart from this, another country was born on the map of the world, but the question arises that why did Pakistan break into pieces only after 24 years of its existence? Why did a part of it break away to become Bangladesh? Did the story of the birth of Bangladesh start in 1971 itself or its seeds were also sown in 1947 itself and did India jump in this fight only to help Bangladesh or was there some other motive behind it too? If you have many such questions in your mind on the 50th anniversary of Vijay Diwas, also known as Bijoy Dibos in Bengali, then this special report has been specially prepared for you.
Whenever there is talk of the second war between India and Pakistan and the birth of Bangladesh, the year 1971 is first mentioned, but very few people know that the foundation of the formation of Bangladesh was in a way after the India-Pakistan partition. It started falling soon after. Ethnic conflicts had begun in erstwhile East Pakistan over Bengali identity and its identity, but the real beginning was in 1950.
It was the same year when India had implemented its constitution and Pakistan had also started preparing for it. At the same time, Bengalis living in East Pakistan started a movement demanding proper encouragement to the Bengali language. After a few days, this movement may have ended, but the demands raised in t gradually continued to grow.
Ever since the Indo-Pak partition, there was increasing estrangement between the people living in the eastern and western parts of Pakistan. This conflict was not only about living in different regions but also based on language, culture, way of life, and ideas. In such a situation, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman started the struggle for the independence of East Pakistan, and for this, he also announced a six-point program. Because of all these steps, he and many other Bengali leaders came under the target of Pakistan. Pakistan prosecuted Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and others as part of a repression policy, but this trick was theirs.
West Pakistan may have suppressed the movement which started in 1950 but could not solve the demands of Bengalis living in East Pakistan. This was the reason that this period of tension had gradually reached till the 1970s. The year was nearing its end and general elections had begun in Pakistan. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman proved his popularity during that period and his political party, the East Pakistani Awami League, won 167 out of 169 seats in East Pakistan. Due to this, Mujibur Rahman had an overwhelming majority to form the government in the 313-seat Pakistani parliament, but the people ruling West Pakistan did not approve of his interference in politics. This increased the displeasure of the people of East Pakistan and they started the movement, which was sent to East Pakistan to suppress the army.
The atrocities of the Pakistani army that started in East Pakistan were increasing continuously. In March 1971, the Pakistani army crossed every limit of barbarism. People demanding the independence of East Pakistan were brutally murdered. Incidents like the rape of women became common.
In such a situation, the number of refugees coming to India from East Pakistan started increasing and the pressure on India to take action against Pakistan also increased. In such a situation, at the end of March 1971, the Government of India decided to help the liberation of East Pakistan. Muktiwahini was an army prepared by the people of East Pakistan, whose purpose was to liberate East Pakistan.
On March 31, 1971, the then Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi made an important announcement in this regard in the Indian Parliament. On July 29, 1971, a public announcement was made in the Indian Parliament to help the fighters of East Bengal. However, even after this, the Cold War continued between the two countries for several months.
On December 3, 1971, when Pakistan attacked many cities of India, India also had to declare war. Only 13 days later i.e. on December 16, 1971, with the surrender of the Pakistani army, Bangladesh became the new country on the world map. However, Bangladesh still celebrates its Independence Day on 26 March, because on this date in 1971, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared the independence of East Pakistan.
In this war between India and Pakistan in 1971, India also decided many diplomatic dimensions. With their help, India not only liberated East Pakistan from the oppression of Pakistan but also made the world proud of its decisions. Before the war with Pakistan started in December 1971, the Cold War between the two countries was going on. During that time, in the month of October-November, the then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi visited Europe and America. Also, presented India's perspective to the world. Political experts say that at that time America wanted to improve its relations with China by supporting Pakistan. Because of this, he refused to listen to India.
In such a situation, India signed a cooperation treaty with the Soviet Union, which benefited it well in the 1971 war. Actually, at one point during the Indo-Pak war, America had come forward to help Pakistan. He sent the Seventh Fleet of his Navy stationed near Japan to the Bay of Bengal to help Pakistan. In such a situation, Russia sent its submarines and destroyers equipped with nuclear capability to the Indian Ocean from the Pacific Ocean to help India. In such a situation, the US Army could not reach for the help of Pakistan and the result of the 1971 war came in India's favor.